NRMA - ACT Road Safety Trust


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Reports

Validation of a virtual driver assessment tool for older drivers

Report by the Australian National University.

Download: Download report (Microsoft Word XML Document - 2925k)

ACT drivers' and riders' perceived risk of driving or riding in NSW

Report by the ARRB Group.

Download: Download report (PDF File - 1451k)

You don't have to be speeding - to be driving too fast on country roads

A report by the Yass Valley Council.

Download: Download attachments (PDF File - 4738k)
Download report (PDF File - 1218k)

An evaluation of the effects of a school-based cycling education program on participation and safety

Report prepared by the University of NSW. This is a report of the Safe Cycle Program funded by the Trust for trialing in ACT schools.

Download: Download report (PDF File - 1935k)

How to improve Australian road safety policy processes by enhancing knowledge translation and exchange amongst key stakeholders

Winston Churchill Memorial Trust - Report by 2014 Churchill Fellow Dr Reece Hinchcliff

Download: Download report (PDF File - 402k)

The Pedal Study: Further analysis concerning bicycle crashes and injury severity in the ACT - Final report by the George Institute for Global Health

Download: Download report (PDF File - 792k)

Submission to the ACT Legislative Assembly's Inquiry into Vulnerable Road Users by the George Institute for Global Health

Download: Download report (PDF File - 905k)

Driving safe with kids (in Auslan)

This project in a partnership between the Deaf Society of NSW and Kidsafe ACT, has created web-based Auslan translations about the child restraint regulations(s) provided by Kidsafe ACT with information available in Auslan. As a result deaf parents will be better equipped to confidently ensure safety for their children and infants. The videos are available from the NSW Deaf Society's web page under Auslan Resources (deafsocietynsw.org.au/auslan_resources/page/child-restraint-guidelines ) and from the Kidsafe ACT website (Resources section).

National Road Safety Partnership Program Fleet Safety Benchmarking: Stage 1 Literature Summary and Stage 2 Consultation and Framework Development

The national fleet benchmarking project has been proposed to provide a user-friendly online benchmarking resource which will provide organisations with an online analysis and summary of fleet performance, road safety cultural maturity and trends over time. The development of the tool involves five stages, with each stage designed to promote active collaboration between government, research and industry. This report describes the methodologies used in completing stages one and two and the resulting feedback from the industry consultation process.

Download: Download report (PDF File - 1848k)

Policy position papers on a range of road safety topics

Download: Drink Driving Paper (PDF File - 163k)
Driver Distraction Paper (PDF File - 2162k)

ACT Naturalistic Cycle Study

The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) has the highest cycling participation rate in Australia; however it also has one of the highest rates of cyclist serious injury. In this study, the behaviour of cyclists and their interaction with drivers was investigated to identify ways to improve cyclist safety. A naturalistic cycling study was conducted using helmet mounted video cameras with a GPS data logger. The study included an online survey and in-depth exit interviews. In total, 36 participants completed the study from September 2011 to April 2012. Participants recorded over 460 hours of video footage of their commute to and from work over a distance of almost 9,000km. In total, 91 potential conflict events were identified that involved the cyclist and another road user. The majority of the events involved the cyclist and a driver and were due to actions by the driver. Drivers turning left across the cyclist's path and unexpectedly opened vehicle doors were the most common interactions. Cyclists recorded an average speed of 22.7km/h and a maximum speed of 56km/h. Data on cyclists' speed provides new insights into how cyclists travel, particularly on-road and when interacting with other road users. Potential countermeasures and recommendations to improve safety for cyclists in the ACT are also discussed.

Download: Download report (Microsoft Word XML Document - 39611k)

Road Safety Champion - Youth Coalition of the ACT

In October 2013, Champions ACT developed a new road safety "Champion", which was funded by the NRMA-ACT Road Safety Trust, and aimed to promote responsible decision making among young people with regard to travelling to and from drinking venues. More specifically, the Champions ACT campaign expanded to provide health and safety promotion messages about drink driving, intoxicated pedestrians, road hazards, alternative methods of transportation (including taxis), and broader issues relating to getting home safe. This "Champion" was named "The Chauffeur".

Download: Download report (PDF File - 6856k)

Deterrence of Drug Driving: The Impact of the ACT Drug Driving Legislation and Detection Techniques

The study sought to explore the initial impact of the ACT's implementation of roadside oral fluid drug screening program. The results suggest that a number of individuals reported intentions to drug drive in the future. The classical deterrence theory variables of certainty of apprehension, severity and swiftness of sanctions were not predictive of intentions to drug drive in the future. In contrast, having avoided apprehension and having known of others that have avoided apprehension were predictive of intentions to drug drive in the future. Increasing perceptions of the certainty of apprehension, increased testing frequency, and increased awareness of the oral fluid drug screening program could potentially lead to reductions of drug driving and result in safer road environment for all ACT community members.

Download: Download report (Microsoft Word XML Document - 342k)

Understanding interaction between two wheelers (TWs) and car drivers in a simulator

The report describes the findings from a research study using simulator data and modelling to determine factors effecting passing distance of car drivers and two wheeled vehicles. The study primarily uses previous or associated experience driving two wheeled vehicles as the key variable to examine variations in car drivers' selection of passing distances. The driving scenario used in the study was designed to replicate high crash risk situations in the ACT.

Download: Download report (PDF File - 1095k)

Understanding the driving practice of older Australian drivers

This study aimed to investigate the driving behaviours and transportation needs of older adults within the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).

Download: Download report (Microsoft Word Document - 231k)

ACT Policing research on unsafe behaviours - speed

The report draws on findings based on an online survey of ACT licence holders. The sample size was large [1243] and it was post weighted to accord with the ACT population statistics on age and gender. There was a comprehensive focus group study based on six “homogenous” focus groups.

Download: Download report (Microsoft Word Document - 210k)

Translation of a validated driver screening tool for clinical assessment and research use

This report and manual documents the production and translation of a novel evidence-based screening battery designed to identify older drivers at risk of unsafe driving. Anyone interested in acquiring a copy of the kit should contact Professor Kaarin Anstey, the Australian National University on 02 6125 8410.

Download: Download report (PDF File - 1383k)

Reducing Motorcycle Trauma in the ACT

A comprehensive and important report examining trauma outcomes for motorcyclists in the ACT. Dr Mike Bambach of UNSW draws on 10 years of data using coroner reports, hospital admission data and police reports and proposes strategies to reduce road trauma in this group.

Download: Download report (PDF File - 1230k)

Seniors driving Longer, Smarter, Safer: Enhancement of an innovative educational and training package for the safe mobility of seniors

This report describes the development of an educational/training program for older drivers in Australia and includes a review of the literature on effectiveness of educational/training programs as well as a process evaluation of the program. For information on the final product referred to in the report- a 'ready to deliver' classroom based program package which provides the materials for interested organisations to run workshops for seniors either as a one day event or shorter two hour session please contact the project manager directly, Dr Jennifer Oxley Monash University Accident Research Centre on 03 9905 4374 or email jennie.oxley@monash.edu .

Download: Download report (Microsoft Word XML Document - 172k)

Updating crashes involving ACT vehicles and controllers in NSW 2006-2010

This is the third in a series of reports over an extended time. As was the case in the previous two studies, ACT controllers were almost as likely to be involved in fatal crashes in NSW as in the ACT. They were also involved in a substantial number of injury crashes in NSW compared to ACT (although fewer than within the ACT).

Download: Download report (Microsoft Word XML Document - 9951k)

Recording Artists, Actors and Athletes Against Drink Driving

Recording Artists, Actors and Athletes Against Drink Driving (subcontractor Media Heads Ltd) produced two ACT-specific RADD Television Community Service Announcements (TV CSAs) with an anti-drink drive message using talent originally from the ACT or associated with the ACT for use on Canberra/ACT TV.

Download: Download report 1 (PDF File - 80k)
Download report 2 (PDF File - 5331k)

Report of 2012 NRMA-ACT Road Safety Trust Churchill Fellow Terry Eveston

Mr Eveston's project was to observe and participate in activities that develop a child's capacity for independent responsible and safe behaviour when cycling on roads, cycle ways and multi user paths. His study tour took him to Denmark, the Netherlands and the UK. His study report is available for download from the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust website - see churchilltrust.com.au/fellows/detail/3710/terence+eveston

Wheels within Wheels Revisited

This booklet is for anyone who is making a decision about buying a wheelchair and travelling with it in a vehicle. It is also available in a different format with translation services under the publications section of the Trust's website.

Download: Download booklet (PDF File - 2762k)

Understanding looked-but-failed-to-see accidents; the role of Inattentional Blindness

This project was designed to explore the parameters that increase or decrease incidences of Inattentional Blindness, within the context of the driving experience in order to provide evidence for a core underlying cause in “looked-but-fail-to-see” accidents. Participants were presented with a battery of relevant visuo-spatial and cognitive tests. The aim of the project was to explore the cognitive, perceptual and psychological factors that increase or decrease incidences of IB in the laboratory, and are therefore likely to be influential in “looked-but-fail-to-see” accidents on the road.

Download: Download report (Microsoft Word XML Document - 561k)

Improving passenger safety among youth: developing a web-based strategy

Report of a project undertaken by CARRS-Q whose aim was to develop and test the feasibility of a web-based module for promoting passenger safety through "understanding risks and looking out for mates."

Download: Download report (PDF File - 710k)

Safe System into Practice Workshop

Report of project conducted by ARRB and workshop conducted in the ACT.

Download: Download report (PDF File - 241k)

ACT Safer Cycling Strategy

The purpose of this project undertaken by GTA Consultants was to identify a strategy to promote safer cycling and safer interaction between cyclists and other road users throughout the ACT. The report makes recommendations for the progression of the strategy.

Download: Download report (PDF File - 2440k)

Do cognitive and sensory measures predict driving outcomes and driving cessation in older drivers? A 5 year validation study

This ANU study provides useful information of the views and intentions of older drivers regarding a future decision to cease driving. This may be useful in assisting those older drivers who are considering the difficult decision to make their plans for the transition from driving.

Download: Download report (PDF File - 348k)

The effects of rest breaks on driver fatigue

Taking a brief nap or stopping for a rest break are two highly publicised countermeasures for driver sleepiness. The aim of the study was to determine the relative magnitude of improvement of the two break types.

The first key finding “that a nap break provided meaningful benefit for reducing driver sleepiness compared with an active break” confirms advice which has been given to drivers for several years to “take a 15 minute powernap”.

Download: Download report (PDF File - 453k)

The development of a computer based brief intervention program for first time drink driving offenders

The two studies described in the report provide valuable information regarding information which should be considered for inclusion in a computer based brief intervention program for first time drink driving offenders and suggestions on how and when it should be delivered.

Download: Download report (Microsoft Word Document - 372k)

Epidemiological Study of the Impact of Whiplash on Subsequent Driver Safety

Report of study shows drivers who have experienced a traffic crash resulting in a whiplash associated disorder do not appear to be at a significantly elevated risk of a subsequent crash, when compared with a control group of drivers who have received a soft tissue injury.

Download: Final report June 2012 (PDF File - 239k)
Questionnaire (Microsoft Word Document - 69k)

Measuring underbonnet clearances in order to evaluate pedestrian safety performance of vehicles at various impact speeds

CASR study develops a systematic and reproducible procedure for evaluating the pedestrian safety performance of vehicles at different crash speeds which could benefit pedestrian safety.

Download: Download report (PDF File - 1096k)

Speed management by novice drivers

Results of speed management by novice drivers in simulated environment reported.

Download: Download report (Microsoft Word XML Document - 194k)

Shared Space

A Trust funded report has explored the mainly European experience with Shared Space and examined the potential effects of road culture on the success of Shared Spaces. It concludes with recommendations for best practice implementation of Shared Space designs. A must read for those who could be involved in Shared Space trials in Australia.

Download: Shared Space Report (PDF File - 1177k)

Differences between Older and Younger Drivers in Steering Around Moving Obstacles in a Driving Simulator

Download: Download Report (PDF File - 446k)
Download video (Windows Video (wmv) - 1209k)

Report of the Motorcyle Riders Association of the ACT Ride to Thrive program 2006-2011

Download: Download Report (PDF File - 119k)

ACT pedal study

ACT pedal study confirms value of on-road lanes reserved exclusively for cyclists as a means of reducing their crash and injury rates but raises questions about safety of cycling in shared paths.

Download: Download Report (PDF File - 1919k)

Optimism Bias

Results relating to the immediate and sustained effect of accountability and insight interventions from a study on reducing optimism bias in young novice drivers do not support the inclusion of such interventions into current licensing procedures for young drivers.

Download: Download Report (PDF File - 4191k)

Effectiveness of driving medication warnings

The results of a study on the effectiveness of driving medication warnings are potentially important for the Australian approach to medication warnings about driving impairment.

Download: Download Report (PDF File - 551k)

Lake Ginninderra College Road Safety program

Download: Road Safety Grant Project Report Lake Ginninderra (PDF File - 8341k)

Development of Messages to Address Young Drivers' Risk Taking Behaviours

A two stage project has resulted in the production of material which could be used in a road safety awareness campaign.

Research has shown that risk taking by young drivers contributes to their crash risk. If young drivers can be convinced risky driving behaviours are in fact risky, they could be expected to engage in such behaviours less often, leading to a decrease in their crashes.

In Stage One of the project, factors that influence risk taking by young drivers were investigated, including situational, emotional, peer group, confidence and other factors, as well as risk taking models and relevant behaviour change theories. From this research, a set of message content and development principles was developed.

Download: Stage 1 Report (PDF File - 1964k)

In Stage Two of the project, an advertising agency was guided to develop four sets of advertisements consisting of television, radio and print media mock-ups to address speeding and mobile phone risk taking behaviours, based on the message content and development principles. The mock-ups developed were assessed against 11 important components of the message content and development principles, including identifying and highlighting the costs of the risky behaviour; identifying the safer alternative behaviour; and acknowledging the benefits of the risky behaviour but showing they are outweighed by the costs. ARRB and the agency further refined the advertisements before focus group testing based on this assessment.

Download: Stage 2 Report (PDF File - 9492k)

The sets of advertisements were focus group tested with 40 young drivers aged 17 to 25 (21 females, 19 males) in Canberra. Participants were asked about the advertising concepts in terms of their understanding, realism, components liked and disliked, recommended improvements/changes, whether the advertisement would make participants consider changing or actually change behaviour and overall favourite advertisements. The advertisements were then further improved based on these results.

Based on responses received from focus group participants, one speeding advertisement for radio, and one mobile phone advertisement for television, showed promise for final development and release.

Driving whilst experiencing symptoms of sleepiness

A study conducted by staff at the Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety Queensland and funded by the NRMA- ACT Road Safety Trust and the NSW former Road Transport Authority has suggested that a large number of ACT residents are driving whilst experiencing symptoms of sleepiness.

Download: Report (PDF File - 1006k)

Boosting the efffects of a curriculum based injury prevention program through a school connectedness intervention

The results of a study conducted by the Queensland University of Technology and funded by the NRMA- ACT Road Safety Trust has found that the Skills for Preventing Injury (SPIY) program continues to show promising results in regards to prevention of students' transport related risk taking behaviour and injuries.

Download: Report (PDF File - 602k)

Are Older Drivers' Perceptions Of Their Driving Ability Accurately Reflected In Performance On A Driving Simulation Task?

A study by the Queensland University of Technology has found that self-assessment of driving skills among older drivers may produce an inaccurate appraisal of actual driving skills. The study was funded primarily by the Trust with financial support from the Qld Department of Transport and Main Roads.

Download: Report (PDF File - 605k)

Study Finds Culture of Entitlement Exists Amongst ACT Motorists

A Trust-funded study by the University of Canberra into the ACT's driving culture has found that many drivers feel they should be able to decide how fast they drive.

Download: Report (PDF File - 846k)

Smashed: Drugs and Driving Don’t Work

This research underscores the need for careful development and pre-testing of messages targeting behaviour change in the sophisticated young adult target group.

Download: Final Report (PDF File - 3860k)

Seniors Moving Safely

An information and media strategy for older road users in the ACT.

Download: Report (PDF File - 467k)

Development And Testing Of A Young Driver Training Program

Download: Report (PDF File - 498k)

Young, Fast & Dead

A pilot collaborative study exploring communication strategies with "P" Plate drivers

Download: Report (PDF File - 48381k)

Exploring how the Safe System concept might change the way people are introduced to driving

Download: Report (PDF File - 859k)

Study Finds Monotony and Fatigue Dual Hazards for Drivers

A study commissioned by the Trust has found that monotony and fatigue can operate independently of each other to adversely affect driving performance in monotonous driving conditions. The study was undertaken by the Queensland Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety.

Download: Report (Microsoft Word Document - 243k)

Towards a Holistic Framework for Road Safety

A study commissioned by the Trust considers that an attitudinal shift similar to that for smoking and AIDS is required in relation to speed and car use if the current level of road trauma is to be reduced. Funding of $73,500 was provided to the University of New South Wales for the study Towards a Holistic Framework for Road Safety.

Download: Report (PDF File - 1668k)

Improving Alcohol Knowledge in the ACT

Previous studies show that while awareness of the legal blood alcohol limit is high knowledge of the number of standard drinks contained in alcoholic beverages is low. This study sought to understand whether an online survey giving motorists the correct answers could increase knowledge relating to alcohol and thus assist to minimize the potential to drink and drive and maximize the potential for people to make informed decisions about the amount of alcohol consumed. The results of this three phase study suggest that an online alcohol knowledge test can improve ACT resident's knowledge relating to alcohol. Implications for public policy are outlined.

Download: Alcohol Knowledge Test (Microsoft Word Document - 37k)
Report (Microsoft Word Document - 461k)

Skills for Preventing Injury in Youth (SPIY) Program

The Trust has released a report undertaken by the Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety Queensland as the result of a $51,695 grant by the Trust on the SPIY Program. This program aims to reduce adolescent risk taking by changing individuals' attitudes to risk, increasing the intervening and protective behaviour of their peers and developing first aid skills.

Child pedestrians: factors associated with ability to cross roads safely and development of a training package

Download: Report (PDF File - 1698k)

Protective clothing for motorcyclists - observational study in the ACT

Download: Report (Microsoft Word Document - 539k)

Study confirms the vulnerability of cyclists and motorcyclists

A study involving the matching of hospital trauma data with police crash data for the years 2001-2003 has revealed that cyclists and motorcyclists occupied more bed days in the Canberra Hospital than the combined total of drivers and front passengers. The study was undertaken by Associate Professor Drew Richardson, Chair of Road Trauma and Emergency Medicine, ANU Medical School and funded by the NRMA ACT Road Safety Trust.

Download: Report (PDF File - 548k)

Amalgamation of police and hospital trauma data in the Australian Capital Territory 2001-2003

Download: Final Report (PDF File - 548k)

The Winston Churchill Memorial Trust Road Safety Fellowship

Download: Dr Stephen Jiggins 2008 - 'Media Reporting of Road Crashes' (Microsoft Word Document - 332k)
Report by Mr Rifaat Shoukrallah 2006 - 'Examine road safety policies, particularly engineering measures implemented as a result of these policies in Sweden, UK, Norway, Japan and Denmark' (PDF File - 487k)
Report by Ms Kerry Fitzgerald 2005 - 'Improving Australia's Responses to Recidivist Drink Driving' (PDF File - 3739k)

Report of 2012 NRMA-ACT Road Safety Trust Churchill Fellow Terry Eveston: Mr Eveston's project was to observe and participate in activities that develop a child's capacity for independent responsible and safe behaviour when cycling on roads, cycle ways and multi user paths. His study tour took him to Denmark, the Netherlands and the UK. His study report is available for download from the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust website - see churchilltrust.com.au/fellows/detail/3710/terence+eveston

Studies Confirm Drink Drive Concerns for the ACT

Download: Analysis and Report on Drink Driving Cases in the ACT Magistrate's Court 2006-07 (PDF File - 2781k)
Drink Driving Cases In Queanbeyan Local Court 2006-07 (Microsoft Word Document - 269k)

Identifying Programs To Reduce Road Trauma To ACT Motorcyclists

Download: Identifying Programs To Reduce Road Trauma To ACT Motorcyclists (Microsoft Word Document - 2381k)

First Aid and Harm Minimisation for Victims of Road Trauma: A Population Study

Download: First Aid and Harm Minimisation for Victims of Road Trauma: A Population Study (PDF File - 370k)

Crash rates of ACT vehicles inside and outside the ACT

Download: Crash rates of ACT vehicles inside and outside the ACT (Microsoft Word Document - 415k)

Study identifies future road safety needs for ageing Australians

NB: It is a large report running to some 240 pages.

Download: Study identifies future road safety needs for ageing Australians (PDF File - 1317k)

Older Drivers Knowledgeable About Health Impacts on Driving

Download: Older Drivers Knowledgeable About Health Impacts on Driving (PDF File - 667k)

Study Confirms the Expertise of Paramedics at Multi-casualty Crash Scenes

Download: Study Confirms the Expertise of Paramedics at Multi-casualty Crash Scenes (PDF File - 1172k)

New Moves For Older Road Users

Download: A report by Mr Robin Anderson on the 2005 NRMA-ACT Road Safety Trust Churchill Fellowship to study community-based safety programs for older road users in Europe and the USA (Microsoft Word Document - 384k)

Risk taking by young drivers - 16 May 2006

Download: Report on risk taking by young drivers (Microsoft Word Document - 714k)

Team Training for Safer Young Drivers and Passengers in the ACT - 4 August 2005

Download: Team Training for Safer Young Drivers and Passengers in the ACT (PDF File - 848k)

Study on the Effect of Passenger and Night Driving Restrictions on Novice Drivers - 6 June 2005

Download: Study on the Effect of Passenger and Night Driving Restrictions on Novice Drivers (PDF File - 12358k)

Crashes Involving ACT Vehicles and ACT Controllers in NSW 1999-2003

Download: Crashes Involving ACT Vehicles and ACT Controllers in NSW 1999-2003 (PDF File - 2101k)